ALABAMA CORD MARKED POTTERY

 

It is our hope that the pictures and descriptions in this section will assist you in discovering the identity of your pottery sherds and the history behind them.  If you are unable to identify your finds from this list, please feel free to contact me (Lloyd Schroder - see CONTACT US) with pictures of your discoveries and information regarding their general location.  The pictures should include a clear picture of surface decoration, rim structure (if possible), the interior of the vessel, and a cross-section of the sherd.  I will make every effort to respond as quickly as possible to your requests.

FOR MORE DETAILED INFORMATION

For more detailed information on these and other pottery types within the Southeastern United States, please see our "Publications" page to order Lloyd Schroder's Field Guide to Southeastern Indian Pottery.

 

BAYOU LA BATRE CORD WRAPPED DOWEL IMPRESSED


RESEARCH: This type was named by Steve Wimberly in 1960.[i]

SITE & LOCATION: This type is known only from the Bayou La Batre Shell Midden site in Mobile County, Alabama.

TEMPER: Moderate amounts of medium-coarse sand, often with grit or lumps of clay, were used as temper. Sherds that are fired completely through are buff to dull orange in color.  Sherds that are not completely fired have a dark gray cores.

SURFACE DECORATION: The decoration of this type consists of individual, carefully applied, parallel impressions of a cord-wrapped dowel that run vertically, diagonally or horizontally across the entire surface of the vessel. The impressions are spaced from 2mm to 1cm apart and rarely overlap.

VESSEL FORMS: Recovered sherds suggest a medium-small to medium deep truncate-conoidal open bowl and a hemispherical bowl.  Vessels have ring-shaped or flat circular bases.  Later jars had a rounded shoulder and a vertical recurved rim. Some rim stamping may occur.

 

CHRONOLOGY: This type belongs to the Early Woodland period.  Its occurrence at the McQuorquodale Mound suggests a time position between Early and Middle Woodland.

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION: Distribution is expected from the Mobile Bay region and up the Mobile and Tombigbee rivers into Clarke County, Alabama.

 



[i] Wimberly, Steve B. Indian Pottery From Clarke County and Mobile County, Southern Alabama, University of Alabama, pp.70-71

 

CONNESTEE CORD MARKED

 

Connestee pottery has a distribution range that extends across southeastern Tennessee, western North and South Carolina, and northern Alabama and Georgia. Radiocarbon dates from places like Russell Cave in Alabama, Ice House Bottom in Tennessee and the Garden Creek mound in North Carolina date this pottery between 530 and 805 A.D. Tempered with fine sand and small amounts of crushed quartz, Connestee pottery is decorated with brush marks, check stamping, cord marking or plain surfaces.

 

FLINT RIVER CORD MARKED


 

 

RESEARCH: Hollingsworth discussed this type in his report on the Sheep’s Bluff Shelter site in 1991.[i]

SITE & LOCATION: Hollingsworth did his research at the Sheep’s Bluff Shelter in Franklin County, Alabama.

TEMPER: Limestone was used as temper in this type.

SURFACE DECORATION: The entire surface of the vessel is covered with sharp clear cord markings that may be smoothed over in sections some areas.

VESSEL FORMS: Known vessel forms are jars with podal supports.

CHRONOLOGY: This type belongs to the Middle Woodland period and is a marker for the beginning of that period, dating between A.D. 150 and 500.

 

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION: The distribution for this type is the Middle Tennessee River valley and eastern Alabama.

 



[i] Hollingsworth, Caryn Y. Ceramic Descriptions and Discussion, Journal of Alabama Archaeology Vol 37, p.101

FURRS CORD MARKED

 

 

RESEARCH: Jenkins and Krause 1986:64, 71, Hollingsworth

SITE & LOCATION: Hollingsworth saw this type in the sites within the upper Tombigbee River Valley and Amanda Regnier encountered the same sand-tempered, simple-rimed pottery at the Davison Creek site in Monroe County, Alabama.

TEMPER: Sand was used as temper in this type.

SURFACE DECORATION: Decoration on this type consists of cord markings that run both vertical and oblique or angular patterns.

VESSEL FORMS: Vessel forms for this type are deep, conical vessels with simple straight rims.

 

CHRONOLOGY: This type is assigned to the Middle Woodland period Miller I&II phases dating between A.D. 1 and A.D. 450.

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION: Examples of this type have been recovered along the upper Tombigbee River basin in Franklin co and east into central Alabama.

 

 

MULBERRY CREEK CORD MARKED

 

 

RESEARCH: This type was first defined by Heimlich in 1952. Caryn Hollingsworth reported this type in northwestern Alabama in 1991.[i] Wimberly also encountered examples of this type in Clarke County, Alabama.

SITE & LOCATION: Hollingsworth recovered 98 sherds of this type at the Sheep’s Bluff Shelter site in Franklin County, Alabama. The type was also recovered from two Redstone Arsenal sites and by Wimberly in Clarke County, Alabama.

TEMPER: This is a grog-tempered pottery that is thick and coarsely textured.

SURFACE DECORATION: The decoration on this type consists of coarsely textured, clearly marked and tightly twined cord markings that are run parallel on some sherds while crisscrossed on others.

VESSEL FORMS: The total vessel forms of this type have not been defined. The lips of rims from the Sheeps Bluff Shelter site were flattened or rounded lips, heavy and sherds were thick.

CHRONOLOGY: This pottery belongs to the Late Woodland period in northern Alabama and serves as a marker for the McKelvey II, Miller III, and other Baytown related phases dating between A.D. 80 and 1000. Wimberly suggested that the type may have stretched into the Early Mississippian period.

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION: Wimberly states that this type is found in Louisiana, Mississippi and north-central to northwestern Alabama and Clarke and Mobile counties, Alabama.

 



[i] Hollingsworth, Caryn Y. Ceramic Descriptions and Discussion, Journal of Alabama Archaeology Vol 37

 

SAUTY CORD MARKED

 

 

 

Research: Hollingsworth, Alabama Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 37, 1991

Site & location: Sheep’s Bluff Shelter, Franklin Co, Alabama

Temper: Sand

Surface decoration: Horizontal decoration made by impressing individual cords onto the body of the vessel rather than using cord wrapped dowels. May have a red filmed interior

Chronology: AD 300-600 Middle Woodland

Distribution: Upper Tombigbee River drainage area


WEST FLORIDA CORD MARKED

 


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