KIOKEE CREEK

 

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Name: D.T. Elliott described this type as Kiokee Creek points from surveys done in several sites in Richmond County.[1]

Age: Kiokee Creek points from the Lover’s Lane site were Late Archaic. Whatley suggested that they would have followed the Savannah River points. Dates from the Lover’s Lane site ranged from 3838 to 3358 BP. Their association with Late Archaic fiber-tempered ceramics or steatite vessels would help in their identification.

Description: John Whatley described these points as medium-sized, ranging from 32-70 mm (1.25 to 2.75 inches) in length.[2] The stem is tapering with a flat to rounded basal edge.The blade is crudely made from local chert or quartz.Kiokee Creek points are similar to the tapered stemmed Gary point, first recognized in Texas and recovered across the Southeast, but are usually cruder in form.Larger examples might also make them difficult to separate from the Middle Archaic Putnam point.

Distribution: Examples of Kiokee Creek points used in Whatley’s analysis were recovered from the Lover’s Lane site, the North Central Georgia at the University of Georgia in Athens, and the Rich Mountain site in Gordon County.

Information for this article was derived from John S.  Whatley, Early Georgia: An overview of Georgia Projectile Points and Selected Cutting Tools, The Society for Georgia Archaeology, Vol. 30, No.1 2002



[1] Elliott, D.T., R.J. Ledbetter, and E.A. Gordon, Data Recovery at Lover’s Lane, Phinizy Swamp and the Old Dike Sites, Bobby Jones Expressway Extension Corridor, Augusta, Georgia. Southeastern Archaeological Services, Inc. Submitted to the offices of Environment/Location, Department of Transportation, Atlanta 1994

[2] Whatley, John S., An Overview of Georgia Projectile Points And Selected Cutting Tools, Early Georgia, Vol. 30, No. 1, The Society for Georgia Archaeology. April, 2002, p.55-56